These joys and passions soon collapse, however, leading to another transitional section: Das Grablied (The Grave Song). München 1954, Band 2, S. 274,277. Zarathustra argumentiert nicht, sondern er verkündet. Nietzsches Grundannahme ist der Tod Gottes, aus dessen sich die Freiheit entwickelt, dass der Mensch selbst Schöpfer wird und sich stetig selbstüberwindet. He named the sections of his piece after different chapters in Nietzsche’s book, but needless to say, it was impossible to clearly translate Nietzsche’s abstract text into the equally abstract medium of instrumental music (as his critics were wont to point out). A long, gradual crescendo full of strange orchestral effects ensues, featuring fragments of the Zarathustra’s laughter melody. The first comprehensive interpretation of Nietzsche’s _Thus Spoke Zarathustra_—an important and difficult text and the only book Nietzsche ever wrote with characters, events, setting, and a plot. Your donation helps the Houston Symphony enrich the lives of more than 400,000 Houstonians annually. Strauss originally gave the work the cheeky subtitle “Symphonic optimism in fin de siècle form, dedicated to the twentieth century,” but replaced it with the tamer “freely after Nietzsche” before publication. „Also sprach Zarathustra“ wurde zu einem der meistgelesenen Bücher jener Zeit. People won’t understand you.” Strauss’ characteristically humorous remark seems particularly applicable to Also sprach Zarathustra (Thus Spake Zarathustra), one of his best known yet most misunderstood works. Musically, this is not a dirge or funeral march, but a decrescendo leading to the next section: Von der Wissenschaft (Of Science). Every one being allowed to learn to read, ruineth in the long run not only writing but also thinking. Reading the New Nietzsche: The Birth of Tragedy, the Gay Science, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, and on the Genealogy of Morals. Nietzsche and the Death of God: Selected Writings. This heavy, gloomy atmosphere is suddenly dispelled by light, high, cheerful music commonly interpreted as Zarathustra’s laughter; Nietzsche did not believe that science, with its methodical quest to understand nature, could provide the metaphysical knowledge he sought. Was nicht heißt, dass es unumstritten gewesen wäre: Nietzsches Kritiker bezeichneten ihn immer noch als einen im philosophischen Fach dilettierenden Altphilologen – was er de facto ja auch war. The World Riddle/Nature motif reappears, disturbing the increasingly fragmentary hymn melody. Auch war er erklärtermaßen dem Christentum abgeneigt. "Für meine Generation war er das Erdbeben der Epoche und seit Luther das größte deutsche Sprachgenie." This is not a Viennese waltz from a glittering ballroom, however, but its more rustic Bavarian cousin. Nietzsche's tome is a series of allegorical parables about the life of the prophet Zarathustra, delivered gospel-style in a series of 80 vignettes, all ending with the words, "Thus Spake Zarathustra." This leads to the next section, Das Tanzlied (The Dance Song) in which music based on the Nature/World Riddle motif gives way to a solo violin waltz. piccolo, 3 flutes (3rd also piccolo), 3 oboes, English horn, E ♭ clarinet, 2 clarinets, bass clarinet, 3 bassoons, contrabassoon 6 horns, 4 trumpets, 3 trombones, 2 tubas Though the initial idea for Also sprach Zarathustra may have originated a few years before, Strauss began serious work on it in February 1896, composing the bulk of it in the summer while staying in the Austro-Italian Dolomites. Nietzsche was one of the most revolutionary and subversive thinkers in Western philosophy, and Thus Spoke Zarathustra remains his most famous and influential work.... Free shipping over $10. Also sprach Zarathustra (Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm) Philosophy. Thus Spoke Zarathustra: A Book for Everyone and for No One. Thus Spoke Zarathustra a Book for Everyone and No One. Es ist an der Zeit, dass der Mensch den Keim seiner höchsten Hoffnung pflanze. The orchestra consists of the following: 1. woodwinds: piccolo, 3 flutes (3rd doubling piccolo), 3 oboes, English horn, clarinet in E-flat, 2 clarinets in B-flat, bass clarinet in B-flat, 3 bassoons, contrabassoon 2. brass: 6 horns in F and E, 4 trumpets in C and E, 3 trombones, 2 tubas 3. percussion: timpani, bass drum, cymbals, triangle, glockenspiel, bell on low E 4. keyboard: organ 5. strings: 2 harps, violins I, II (16 each), violas (12), cellos (12), double basses (8) (with low C string). Buy a cheap copy of Also sprach Zarathustra: Ein Buch für... book by Friedrich Nietzsche. It was originally inspired by Nietzsche’s far less familiar book of the same name, which is perhaps most famous for including the infamous (and widely misunderstood) declaration that “God is dead.” Nietzsche’s Also sprach Zarathustra is a philosophical novel about a fictionalized Zarathustra (the historical Zarathustra founded the religion of Zoroastrianism). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Each reader comes away with a highly subjective interpretation of what the book means, making a summary difficult. The book is considered among his most well-known and important works. Fazit S.31 9.Literaturverzeichnis S.32 10. Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm, -- 1844-1900. Vielleicht hat die Sprache Nietzsches Strauss auch musikalisch unmittelbar h… An intense, passionate melody appears in the violins over a turbulent orchestral accompaniment. "Also sprach Zarathustra" bekam, weil es eben sehr umstritten ist, erst ab etwa Mitte der 1950er Jahre, also lange nach seinem Tode, die dem Philosophen und dem Werk zustehende Aufnahme und wenn man so will "Popularität". Volltext von »Also sprach Zarathustra«. It begins softly, but grows in intensity, representing humankind’s yearning for a perfect, heavenly, spiritual alternative to nature. Lampert’s persuasive and thorough interpretation is bound to spark a revival of interest in _Zarathustra_ and raise the standards of Nietzsche scholarship in general.”—Daniel W. Conway, _Review of Metaphysics _“A book of scholarship, filled with passion and concern for its text.”—Tracy B. der Interpretation und eröffnet Spielraum, den wir didaktisch nutzen möchten. Strauss’ piece, however, goes on for another half-hour. Thus Spoke Zarathustra: A Book for All and None (German: Also sprach Zarathustra: Ein Buch für Alle und Keinen, also translated as Thus Spake Zarathustra) is a philosophical novel by German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, composed in four parts written and published between 1883 and 1885. That would match every other article (a couple dozen) that appends his name. Eine tiefergehende Analyse finden Sie hier: Interpretation "Also sprach Zarathustra" von Friedrich Nietzsche. After consulting with Strauss, the writer Arthur Hahn published a lengthy explanation of the piece (in a typically mercenary move, Strauss actually suppressed the movement titles at the premiere so audience members would be forced to buy Hahn’s pamphlet if they wanted to know what the music was about), but perhaps the clearest, most concise explanation he gave of the work is reported once again by Romain Rolland: “in his mind, he really did want to express […] the hero’s inability to satisfy himself, either with religion or science or humor, when confronted by the enigma of nature.” Using ideas and images from Nietzsche’s book, the piece represents the quest to find what is popularly called “the meaning of life” when confronted by an indifferent, uncaring natural world and humanity’s own corporeal, animal existence. Nietzsche’s Zarathustra is essentially a raisonneur for his own philosophy, which addresses the crisis o… Also sprach Zarathustra; Bibliographie; Werke. Nietzsche himself would follow Zarathustra with several more books that attempted to explain it. Required fields are marked *. Out of dark, fragmentary ideas low in the orchestra emerges a horn call, which Strauss labeled with the words “Credo in unum deum” (Latin for “I believe in one God,” a phrase from the Roman Catholic mass). Get tickets and more information at Interpretation Also sprach Zarathustra: der Übermensch S.26 7. "Also sprach Zarathustra", das philosophische Werk über die Suche nach dem Übermenschen, ist zweifellos Nietzsches persönlichstes Werk. Also sprach Zarathustra (Untertitel Ein Buch für Alle und Keinen, 1883–1885) ist ein dichterisch-philosophisches Werk des deutschen Philosophen Friedrich Nietzsche. Zarathustra sagte es und zeigte damit ver-bindlich den Weg. Friedrich Nietzsche / Biographie (Seite 2) Friedrich Nietzsche / Biographie (Seite 3) Zum Werk. 11 Julia Liebscher (1994): Strauss. Metaxological 'Yes' and Existential 'No': William Desmond and Atheism. The next section, Von der großen Sehnsucht (Of Great Longing), is essentially transitional and begins as the hymn-melody subsides. Anhang S.33 . Also Sprach Zarathustra Weiterverwendung Epoche Film Spätromantik Odyssee im Weltraum WALL-E Die Simposns Komponist 1870 bis ins 20. Der Aufbau der Reden erinnert an eine Liturgie, z. Nietzsches Zarathustra Mystiker des Nihilismus : Eine Interpretation von Friedrich Nietzsches "Also Sprach Zarathustra, Ein Buch Für Alle Und Keinen". Bei Glaubensstreitigkeiten Jahrhunderts. Nietzsche and the Premodernist Critique of Postmodernity. Jhd. Zubin Mehta's amazing 1968 recording for Decca of Richard Strauss' Also Sprach Zarathustra has been reissued for this sonic spectacular from Lim, and the results of the label's K2 HD mastering are simply astonishing. Its first three notes actually consist of the Nature/World Riddle motif, perhaps suggesting the scientific quest to understand the natural world. Sie wurde am 27. This site uses cookies. Nietzsche himself was still alive, although he had long since gone insane (likely as a result of tertiary syphilis). Richard Strauss: Also sprach Zarathustra Do 16.7./Fr 17.7.2020, 20 Uhr 19 Uhr Konzerteinführung Freitag Live-Übertragung in SWR2 und Live-Videostream, anschlie-ßend als Video auf Stuttgart, Liederhalle Sa 18.7.2020, 20 Uhr 19 Uhr Konzerteinführung Freiburg, Konzerthaus Außerdem im Konzert: 158 likes. Unusually for a work of philosophy, Nietzsche’s Also sprach Zarathustra is just as much a prose poem as a philosophical text; indeed Nietzsche, who was an amateur composer himself, said the book was in fact a “symphony.” Written in a pseudo-biblical style, it contains many cryptic aphorisms whose meanings are intentionally vague and poetic. View all 7 citations / Add more citations, Indiana University Purdue University, Indianapolis, The first comprehensive interpretation of Nietzsche’s _Thus Spoke Zarathustra_—an important and difficult text and the only book Nietzsche ever wrote with characters, events, setting, and a plot. Diese Selbstschöpfung, die gleichzeitig eine Selb… Your email address will not be published. More like this: Similar Items The Bible and Christian Traditions Keys to Understanding the Allegorical Subplot of Nietzsche's Zarathustra. Nietzsche selbst bezeichnete Also sprach Zarathustra als „das tiefste Buch, das die Menschheit besitzt“. Kubrick was not too far off the mark in using the piece’s opening to score a sunrise from outer space; Strauss indeed intended it to depict the mountaintop sunrise that opens Nietzsche’s book. This represents humanity’s natural, animal passions, which Nietzsche argues should be embraced: “Inexpressible and nameless is that which is torment and delight to my soul and is even the hunger of my entrails too.”. Zarathustra aber lehnt dies ab, weil er die "Versuchung" darin erkennt und vollzieht somit den Schritt zum Übermenschen. It makes a significant and original contribution to its field.”—Werner J. Dannhauser, Cornell University “This is a very valuable and carefully wrought study of a very complex and subtle poetic-philosophical work that provides access to Nietzsche’s style of presenting his thought, as well as to his passionately affirmed values. Kontextuelle Interpretation des Mitternachts-Lieds aus Also sprach Zarathustra 105 hinge –, ³⁷ sondern das „ Weib “, von dem er nun spricht, das ihm Kinder gebären kann Nietzsche’s far less familiar book of the same name, dark, fragmentary ideas low in the orchestra, an energetic resumption of the science fugue, fragments of the Zarathustra’s laughter melody, music based on the Nature/World Riddle motif, a passionate, but ultimately unstable climax, A Baroque Christmas: Q&A with Guest Vocalist Morris Robinson, Playliszt: 10 Great Pieces by Music’s Original Rock Star. The corresponding chapter of Nietzsche’s book is not so much a meditation on death as a lament for lost “visions and apparitions” of youth. Thus Spoke Zarathustra: A Book for Everyone and Nobody. Subtitled “A Book for Everyone and No One,” Also sprach Zarathustra was Nietzsche’s own very personal response to this crisis. The horn is answered by a hymn-like melody that is brilliantly orchestrated for divisi strings. Perhaps its main idea is that humans should embrace life, nature, the body and material existence, with all its pleasures and pains, rather than seek for a spiritual world beyond or afterlife. Premiered within months of its completion, the work’s opulent orchestrations, complex textures, daring harmonies and controversial subject matter provoked equally intense criticism and applause. Der wesentliche Vorwurf gegen das Werk bestand in der Feststellung, es drücke nur das aus, was sowieso jeder dachte, und … Translation for 'Also sprach Zarathustra' in the free German-English dictionary and many other English translations. This section begins quietly in the cellos and basses with a strange, chromatic melody. 1 1. Interpretation Also sprach Zarathustra: der Übermensch S.26 7. Recorded January-March 1973 in Jesus-Christus-Kirche, Berlin. Publication date 2000-05-27 Usage Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States Topics 2000, university of chicago, symphony, orchestra, barbara schubert, strauss, tone poem, live, performance. Dadurch entsteht ein fast religiös-heilsverkündender Eindruck, obwohl Zarathustra … Thus spoke Zarathustra is the classic full-text work by Friedrich Nietzsche. This struggle between faith and nature crescendos as upward-thrusting motifs rumble from the depths of the orchestra, leading to the next section: Von den Freuden und Leidenschaften (Of Joys and Passions). Inhaltsverzeichnis. Zusammenfassung der Untersuchung S.29 8. B. endet jede Rede mit einem "Amen" der besonderen Art: "Also sprach Zarathustra." November 1896 durch das Frankfurter Städtische Orchester unter Leitung des Komponisten im Rahmen der Museumskonzerte in Frankfurt am Main uraufgeführt. Und also sprach Zarathustra zum Volke: Es ist an der Zeit, dass der Mensch sich sein Ziel stecke. Friedrich Nietzsche: Werke in drei Bänden. Like Indeed, the accompaniment contains the World Riddle/Nature motif, suggesting that the waltz represents humankind in harmony with nature. Interpretation "Also sprach Zarathustra" von Friedrich Nietzsche. Das Werk besteht aus insgesamt vier Teilen und Nitzsche selbst bezeichnet sein Buch als „das fünfte Evangelium“1. Insofar as it solves the riddle of _Zarathustra_ in an unprecedented fashion, this study serves as an invaluable resource for all serious students of Nietzsche’s philosophy. The composer conducted its first performance on 27 November 1896 in Frankfurt. It was originally inspired by Nietzsche’s far less familiar book of the same name, which is perhaps most famous for including the infamous (and widely misunderstood) declaration that “God is dead.” Nietzsche’s Also sprach Zarathustra is a philosophical novel about a fictionalized Zarathustra (the historical Zarathustra founded the religion of Zoroastrianism). Its optimistic but challenging message is that life, even with all its suffering, is fundamentally worth living for its own sake, and that we should live accordingly. Your email address will not be published. Lampert’s commentary and analysis of _Zarathustra_ is so thorough and detailed... that it is the most useful English-language companion to Nietzsche’s ‘edifying’ and intriguing work.”—_Choice _Selected as one of _Choice’s_ outstanding academic books for 1988. Also sprach Zarathustra (Richard Strauss) – See above: he was the only Strauss to write such a work. Thus Spoke Zarathustra: Selections = Also Sprach Zarathustra: Auswahl. Throughout the waltz, themes from earlier in the work reappear (such as the Joys and Passions melody). Einleitung Je mehr er hinauf in die Höhe und Helle will, umso stärker streben seine Wurzeln erdwärts, abwärts, ins Dunkle, Tiefe - ins Böse (Also sprach Zarathustra, 31). Also sprach der Teufel einst zu mir: »auch Gott hat seine Hölle: das ist seine Liebe zu den Menschen.« Und jüngst hörte ich ihn dies Wort sagen: »Gott ist tot; an seinem Mitleiden mit den Menschen ist Gott gestorben.« – So seid mir gewarnt vor dem Mitleiden: daher kommt noch den Menschen eine schwere Wolke! —Calvin Dotsey. Bekannt ist dieser dog-matische Denkstil aus der frühen Kirchen-geschichte. Anhang S.33 . Noble Lies and Tragedy in Nietzsche's Zarathustra. Biographie. fronting a work like Also sprach Zarathustra, which marked the end of a lengthy and trau-matic emergence into artistic maturity. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. [1] Richard Strauss fand 1895 Gefallen an Nietzsches kulturkritischen Angriffen auf das deutsche Philistertum. Many artists and composers were influenced by Nietzsche’s Also sprach Zarathustra, but few took Nietzsche’s philosophy to heart to the degree that Strauss did. A typical performance lasts half an hour. Zusammenfassung der Untersuchung S.29 8. The links between Also sprach Zarathustra & the Vienna & Berlin Philharmonic orchestras run deep, Strauss himself seeding ideas in 1944 that Karajan took to the moon in 1973. The opening motif in the trumpets has been called the “nature” or “world riddle” motif; it recurs throughout the piece as a symbol of nature’s indifference and mystery: After the emphatic opening, the next section is titled “Von den Hinterweltlern.” “Hinterweltlern” is an untranslatable Nietzschean neologism. Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality, Philosophy, Introductions and Anthologies. 30 is a tone poem by Richard Strauss, composed in 1896 and inspired by Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophical 1883-1885 novel Thus Spoke Zarathustra. Also sprach Zarathustra, Op. Like the Analects of Confucius and other ancient texts, Also sprach Zarathustra is meant to be worked through and puzzled over. Originally Deutsche Grammophon 1974. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Once spirit was God, then it became man, and now it even becometh populace. Laurence Lampert’s chapter-by-chapter commentary on Nietzsche’s magnum opus clarifies not only _Zarathustra’s_ narrative structure but also the development of Nietzsche’s thinking as a whole. Nietzsche on Generosity and the Gift-Giving Virtue. The initial fanfare – titled "Sunrise" in the composer's programme notes – became well known … Your subscription means more than ever. Fazit S.31 9.Literaturverzeichnis S.32 10. Thus spoke Zarathustra also contains the famous dictum “God is dead“. Strong, _Review of Politics _“This is the first genuine textual commentary on _Zarathustra_ in English, and therewith a genuine reader’s guide. At 32, he was already widely regarded as the leading German composer of the day, Wagner’s musical heir and a controversial modernist bad boy. Strauss’ piece, however, goes on for another half-hour. 1 1. In ihm finden sich wichtige Motive der Philosophie Nietzsches: der „Tod Gottes“, der schon in der Fröhlichen Wissenschaft verkündet wurde sowie zum ersten Mal der „ Übermensch “ … Ever since Stanley Kubrick used it to score a cosmic sunrise and the evolution of technology and war in his 1968 film 2001: A Space Odyssey, its iconic opening has become a symbol of bombastic affirmation, used by Elvis Presley as well as countless advertisers and satirists. Support.Yeah, good idea. It is as if he wanted to create his own sacred (or rather, anti-sacred) text that would express his beliefs. Don’t miss Strauss’s Also sprach Zarathustra on April 26, 28 & 29, 2018! Also Sprach Zarathustra Ein Buch Für Alle Und Keinen. Die verbale Konstruktion des Titels „Also sprach Zarathustra“, die litaneihaft das Buch durchzieht, hat den autoritären Sinn: Zarathustra sagte es, und damit ist es so. Explore the 2020–21 season and purchase your subscription today! Nietzsche’s Zarathustra is essentially a raisonneur for his own philosophy, which addresses the crisis of values that faced European society as the advance of science led people to doubt traditional religions and cultural norms. Also Sprach Zarathustra by Richard Strauss song meaning, lyric interpretation, video and chart position. The World Riddle/Nature motif, however, soon challenges the laughter. The book is a dense and esoteric treatise on philosophy and philosophy, featuring as a fictionalized prophet descending from his recluse to mankind, Zarathustra. This theme becomes the subject of a fugue (the most learned of musical forms) as more instruments enter. After an emotional outburst, the next section, Der Genesende (The Convalescent) begins with an energetic resumption of the science fugue, which builds in intensity until the World Riddle/Nature motif makes a climactic, powerful return in the full orchestra; it seems that nature is ultimately greater than human knowledge. Toggle navigation. Jack of Oz 21:13, 23 April 2011 (UTC) . The waltz builds to a passionate, but ultimately unstable climax that collapses with twelve strokes of a bell to signal midnight and the transition to the final section of the piece, the Nachtwandlerlied (Night Wanderer Song). Strauss explained that “C major is Nature, Man as being; B minor (at the end of the work B major) his metaphysical aspiration,” suggesting that ultimately the World Riddle remains unsolved. Also sprach Zarathustra; Kurzinhalt. Peter Wapnewski liest in überzeugender Kenntnis dieses großartigen Textes die ersten drei und damit die bedeutendsten Teile von "Zarathustra". Narrative Reflection in the Philosophy of Teaching: Genealogies and Portraits. Rarely has a piece been so indelibly associated with orchestral history. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. ... ― Friedrich Nietzsche, Thus Spoke Zarathustra. “An impressive piece of scholarship. -- Also sprach Zarathustra -- Criticism and interpretation. Also sprach Zarathustra (=Meisterwerke der Musik, 62). Auf der hr2-Hörbuch Bestenliste! As ef-fectively resistant to convincing interpretation as any composition in his ceuvre, this tone poem elicited a fair amount of public commen-tary … Also Sprach Zarathustra by Eric Pancer. Interpretation Also sprach Zarathustra: Hoch- und Tiefmetaphern S.24 6.4. Zentren: Berlien, Wien Merkmale: Vergrößerung des Orchesters Programmmusik Cover Richard Georg Strauss per Klavier per Gitarre Remix Er verleiht in diesem Werk vielen seiner philosophischen Gedanken Ausdruck. This essentially serves as a long decrescendo to the piece’s famous question-mark ending: flutes, oboes, harps and violins come to rest on a B major chord, but the cellos and double basses repeat a dissonant, unresolved C natural. Thus Spoke Zarathustra: A Book for All and None. tags: existentialism. Though this waltz has struck some critics as anticlimactic, its lighthearted character is completely in keeping with Nietzsche’s philosophy; throughout Also sprach Zarathustra, Nietzsche praises “lightness” and describes Zarathustra as a dancer, suggesting that humanity should strive for a similar lighthearted affirmation of life and nature. According to his novelist friend Romain Rolland, Richard Strauss once quipped that “In music one can say everything. “Hinter” can be translated as “after,” “back,” or “behind”; “welt” is “world”; and the “-lern” suffix indicates people of the “Hinterwelt.” The corresponding chapter in Nietzsche’s book discusses the reasons people yearn for religious faith or a belief in an ideal “world beyond”; essentially he says the suffering and imperfections of life cause people to yearn for this. Returning to Sils-Maria a Commentary to Nietzsche's "Also Sprach Zarathustra". Denkt man an Friedrich Nietzsche, so wird einem zwangsläufig sein Hauptwerk „Also sprach Zarathustra“ einfallen. Friedrich Nietzsche .