Xanten is known for the Archaeological Park, one of the largest archaeological open air museums in the world, built at the site of the Roman settlements Colonia Ulpia Traiana. Es war die größte Veranstaltungsstätte der antiken Vorgängerstadt des heutigen nordrhein-westfälischen Xanten, besaß eine ovale Arena und fasste bis zu 10.000 Menschen. Expellees from East Prussia were resettled in Xanten and caused the population to rise by almost 40%. At the Xantener Südsee and Xantener Nordsee, two lakes connected by a channel close to the localities Wardt and Vynen, the Freizeitzentrum Xanten (Xanten Leisure Center) was established in 1982. Die Colonia Ulpia Traiana CUT war eine römische Stadt Colonia auf dem Gebiet des heutigen Xanten Nordrhein - Westfalen Sie bestand etwa von 100 bis Ein Amphitheater (lateinisch amphitheatrum; von altgriechisch ἀμφιθέατρον) ist ein Rundtheater der römischen Antike, typischerweise ohne geschlossenes Dach, aber unter Umständen mit einem Sonnensegel bestückbar.Um eine rund oder oval angelegte Arena steigen stufenweise Sitzreihen an. English: An Amphitheatre is an ancient Roman building used for spectator sports, games and displays. I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following license: Add a one-line explanation of what this file represents. The borough Marienbaum, however, became the main place of pilgrimage on the Lower Rhine between 1430 and 1441. Oberbirten liegt am Fuße des Fürstenbergs inmitten von Laub- und Nadelwald , Unterbirten am Altrhein in direkter Nähe des Naturschutzgebiets Bislicher Insel . It was intended as a base for campaigns into Germania and until its destruction during the Revolt of the Batavi in 70 AD it was occupied by 8,000 to 10,000 legionaries, and was the main base of the Classis germanica. Augusta Hönle, Anton Henze: Römische Amphitheater und Stadien. haben musste. In 275 the colonia was almost destroyed by Germanic tribes. Around 15 BC the Roman castrum or camp Vetera was created on the Fürstenberg near modern-day Birten. When allied troops reached Xanten in February 1945, mayor Schöneborn left the town. Das Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana war ein typisches aus Stein gebautes Rundtheater, das eine größere Stadt wie die römische Colonia Ulpia Traiana im zweiten Jahrhundert n. Chr. Date: 14 February 2005 (original upload date) Source: Transferred from nl.wikipedia to Commons. For this town the old settlement was completely destroyed. 1981, ISBN 3-7611-0627-0 (Edition antike Welt). Deutsch: Statue des Trajan vor dem Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana im Archäologischen Park Xanten. The name of "place of saints" was derived from the assumed grave of the martyr Viktor of Xanten and is the source of today's municipal name of Xanten. The agitation had the effect of reducing the Jewish population of the town, and Buschoff himself had to leave. If the file has been modified from its original state, some details may not fully reflect the modified file. In 1975, the Archäologischer Park Xanten (Xanten Archaeological Park), a partial reconstruction of the Roman Colonia Ulpia Traiana, was established and opened for tourism. The term is often confused with Greek or Roman theatres (used for drama performances). Deutsch: Inschrift aus dem Jahr 1983 am rekonstruierten römischen Amphitheater, Xanten. Date The area of the town increased from 8 km² to 72 km². After the establishment of a convent to the south, what became today's town centre grew into existence. Subsequently, in 310 in the area of the colonia a new town was established, named Tricensimae ("of the Thirtieth"), which was built on the nine central insula of the former colonia but fortified and more easily defended. In the second half of the 8th century a church was built on the grounds of an old cemetery of the ancient Roman colony and called Sanctos (super Rhenum) (also mentioned as ad Sanctum). The remaining opposition consisted of communists and liberal politicians lacking a clear political mandate. The first settlements by isolated tribes can be dated to around the year 2000 BC. Träger ist der Landschaftsverband Rheinland (LVR), der 1973 die Gründung des Parks beschlossen hat. Nederlands: Het gedeeltelijk herbouwde amphitheater in het Archeologisch Park Xanten. Oberbirten liegt am Fuße des Fürstenbergs inmitten von Laub- und Nadelwald , Unterbirten am Altrhein in direkter Nähe des Naturschutzgebiets Bislicher Insel . Tradition states that Viktor was a Praefectus cohortis of a Cohort of the Theban Legion. It was intended as a base for campaigns into Germania and until its destruction during the Revolt of the Batavi in 70 AD it was occupied by 8,000 to 10,000 legionaries, and was the main base of the Classis germanica. Reconstruction of the roman Amphitheatre in Xanten, based in the original foundations Media in category "Reconstructed Roman amphitheatre (APX)" The following 96 files are in this category, out of 96 total. WikiZero Özgür Ansiklopedi - Wikipedia Okumanın En Kolay Yolu . In the 17th century Xanten was (along with Cleves) inherited by the Margraviate of Brandenburg. haben musste. The fully enclosed amphitheatre was a particular favourite of the Romans and evolved from the two-sided stadiums and semicircular theatres of ancient Greece. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. His successor was Friedrich Karl Schöneborn, while the post of deputy mayor was given to Heinrich Prang junior. English: Reconstructed amphitheater in the archaeological park Xanten of the Roman city Colonia Ulpia Traiana. In 939 troops under Otto I, King of Germany defeated rebellious Franconian, Saxon and Lotharingian troops under Eberhard of Franconia in the Battle of Birten near Xanten. Il appartient aujourd'hui au parc archéologique de Xanten et est utilisé pour les festivals d'été.. Voir aussi. Wappen: Lage von Xanten im Bezirk Wesel. This action aroused the anti-Semites to still stronger agitation, which culminated in a heated debate in the Prussian Diet. Date: 3 October 2010: Source: Own work: Author: Hartmann Linge: Permission (Reusing this file) Deutsch: Das Foto habe ich als Urheber unter der Creative-Commons-Lizenz CC-by-sa 3.0. veröffentlicht. In the course of the local re-organization in 1969, the localities Birten, Lüttingen, Marienbaum, Obermörmter, Vynen and Wardt were integrated into Xanten, so that around 16,000 inhabitants lived within the town boundaries. The closest international airport is Weeze Airport (also called Niederrhein Airport; Ryanair hub) in Weeze (25 km); the closest intercontinental airport is Düsseldorf Airport (60 km). truetrue. Other localities (Bezirke) belonging to the town of Xanten include Birten, Lüttingen, Marienbaum, Vynen, Obermörmter, Wardt, Mörmter, Willich, Beek and Ursel. For these, see Ancient theatres. ⓘ Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana. By the beginning of the 21st century, the Protestant share of the population had increased to some 20%. His feast day is October 10. When the crossing of the Rhine finally succeeded on 24 March 1945, the Second World War was over for Xanten. Other localities (Bezirke) belonging to the town of Xanten include Birten, Lüttingen, Marienbaum, Vynen, Obermörmter, Wardt, Mörmter, Willich, Beek and Ursel. In September 1927, the Catholic Church municipality celebrated its 1,600th anniversary; in 1937 Pope Pius XI granted the right for the cathedral of St. Viktor to be called a basilica minor. Deutsch: Das rekonstruierte Amphitheater im Archäologischen Park in Xanten. Parts of a nature reserve called Bislicher Inselare located in the municipality as well. In 1392 the northern part of the town came into the possession of the Dukes of Cleves, while the southern part remained with the Archbishopric of Cologne. Probleme der Identifizierung und Lokalisierung im frühen und hohen Mittelalter, in: Caelius und danach? Artillery projectiles fired by German soldiers from the right bank of the Rhine further devastated Xanten at this time. The first settlements by isolated tribes can be dated to around the year 2000 BC. The earliest securely dated amphitheatre is that of Pompeii, built c. 75 BCE and known as the spectacula. Thereupon a church was built at the Großer Markt (Great Marketplace), which was expanded with a spire in 1622. By the end of the 14th century, Xanten was surrounded by a town wall. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. Es war die größte Veranstaltungsstätte der antiken Vorgängerstadt des heutigen nordrhein-westfälischen Xanten, besaß eine ovale Arena und fasste bis zu 10.000 Menschen. In 2012, the Archaeological Park was expanded to nearly the whole area of the Roman colonia after Bundesstraße 57 was moved away from the area. On 29 June 1891, Johann Hegemann, the five-year-old son of a local cabinet maker, was found dead in a neighbour's barn, with his throat cut from ear to ear. Reconstruction of the roman Amphitheatre in Xanten, based in the original foundations Media in category "Reconstructed Roman amphitheatre (APX)" The following 96 files are in this category, out of 96 total. Es ist die größte Veranstaltung war der Standort des alten Vorgänger-Stadt des heutigen Nordrhein-Westfalen, Xanten, war eine Ovale Arena untergebracht, dass 10.000 Menschen. The town borders the Lower Rhine and the town of Rees to the north, the town of Wesel to the east, the municipalities of Alpen and Sonsbeck to the south, and the towns of Uedem and Kalkar to the west. The real murderer was never discovered, and the possibility that the death of the child was due to an accident was not entirely disproved. L'Amphithéâtre de Xanten se situe dans la colonie romaine Colonia Ulpia Traiana, dans la province romaine de Germanie (actuellement Xanten, à l'extrême ouest de l'Allemagne, en Rhénanie-du-Nord-Westphalie). Funktion und Bezeichnung [Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]. It is located in the district of Wesel. Il appartient aujourd'hui au parc archéologique de Xanten et est utilisé pour les festivals d'été.. Voir aussi. (1901–1906). [citation needed]. Liste des amphithéâtres romains Das Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana war ein typisches aus Stein gebautes Rundtheater, das eine größere Stadt wie die römische Colonia Ulpia Traiana im zweiten Jahrhundert n. Chr. According to the legend of the Nibelungs, the mythical Siegfried of Xanten was born ze Santen an dem Rhîne. Dezember 2019", Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW, Livius.org: Xanten: Colonia Ulpia Traiana, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Xanten&oldid=979954811, 10s BC establishments in the Roman Empire, Roman fortifications in Germania Inferior, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing translation from German Wikipedia, Articles needing additional references from January 2017, All articles needing additional references, Pages using infobox German location with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2007, Articles with incomplete citations from February 2020, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia with no article parameter, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In 1460 a monastery of the Bridgettines was established, with an abbey church called St. Mariä Himmelfahrt (Assumption of Mary) which nowadays serves as a parish church. Historical buildings in the town centre have been restored. Deutsch: römisches Amphitheater in Xanten, NRW Русский: Северный Рейн-Вестфалия, г. Ксантен, Археологический парк - римский амфитеатр (панорама) {{de|1=Das rekonstruierte Amphitheater im Archäologischen Park in Xanten.}} Xanten is twinned with Geel in Belgium, Saintes in France, Salisbury in the United Kingdom and Beit Sahour in the Palestinian National Authority. Amphitheater im LVR-Archäologischen Park in Xanten Amphitheater in Pompeji ... Amphitheater von Arles. Amphitheater in Xanten (Deutschland) Im Ar­chäo­lo­gi­schen Park Xan­ten wird die an­tike Stadt Co­lo­nia Ulpia Traiana, die einst 10.000 Ein­woh­ner zählte, teil­re­kon­stru­iert. [citation needed]. This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. Following the Battle of Andernach the same year the Rhineland was reaffirmed to the kingdom of Otto I. The prosecuting attorney himself moved for the dismissal of the charge, and the jury rendered its verdict accordingly. Jean-Claude Golvin: L’ amphithéâtre romain.Essai sur la théorisation de sa forme et de ses fonctions.